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CRYSTAL SHAPES

Different chandelier trimmings -crystals or prisms if you like -do of course have different names depending on shape and. In Sweden there has been old Swedish names use alongside with internationell naming. In the crystal business German names has been used a lot during the 20th century. Now the English names become more and more commonly used due to production in many countries all over the world. Therefore I mainly use English names below.

Octagon

Used in chains of same or different sizes and ahead of other crystals. The faceting may vary but it always have 8 sides. Front and back can have the same or different faceting!

Square or Quadrat stone

Used as octagons, sometimes with different faceting front / back.

Oval

Used as octagons, sometimes with different faceting front / back.

Star

Mainly used in rococo and baroque chandeliers.Used both horisontal and vertical. Often used as decor on the frame Commonly used with pearls. Since it has a flat back it can be use in pairs back to back.

Rosette or just rose

Mainly used in rococo and baroque chandeliers.Used both horisontal and vertical. Often used as decor on the frame Commonly used with pearls. Since it has a flat back it can be use in pairs back to back.

Pearl

Very common in baroque and rococo chandeliers but also commonly used in plafonds and other chandeliers where many crystals meet in a limited space, like around a washer. Chandeliers with pearl chains has also been produced from time to time.

Coffin stone

Normally with two holes and used in chains of crystals -octagons ovals or square stones. Sometimes with just one hole used as end crystal or at the rim of a chandelier.

X-prism or Biedermeyer crystals

X-prisms has a flat back and a small tip. They became popular around the end of the 19th century and commonly used in the empire style chandeliers of that time. In sweden the style called "King Oscar style"

Oil drops

This crystal produced in slightly different styles. The cheap models made with one flat back and the more exclusive ones with a rounded and faceted tip. It has been produce with and without cuttings in the ridge and even with star cuttings on the surface of the facets. As the name implies they have been coomon in oil lamps.

Drop or U-Birnel in GermanThe production of this drop started at the end of the 18th century. It is one of the most commonly used crystals in crystal chandeliers during the 20th century. But during the 60-ties and 70-ties the short machine cut drops took over. Later this drop became popular again when production moved outside the Czech Republic thet was the main supplier at that time.

Icicle drops

A thinner drop, so far impossible to produce in machines. In Sweden it was used a lot in the king Gustav style -Gustavian crystal chandeliers. Normally with an oval crystal on top, but just in the outer ring -inside the chandelier they saved on the small crystals on top. It is a beautiful and delicate crystal. This drop was popular mainly during the 19th century and in the beginning of the 20th century but is still used!

Short drops

Mainly machine cut drops produced by Swarovski and Preciosa during the second half of the 20th century. Swarovski from Austria made them more beautiful with nice proportions, Preciosa from the Czech Republic made them shorter with a smaller body volume in order to make a cheaper product. Very common in a great variety of chandeliers in the 60-ties to 90-ties

Almond

Basic almond style crystal. Produced with a variety of faceting. Common in ball chandeliers, Maria Theresia. But also used in bottoms plumes and garlands. The basic shape comes from the original crystals made out of rock crystals.

Baroque style almonds.

Very common in Swedish baroque chandeliers. Note the crystal has the same pattern all over.

Frensh Pendeloque

Originally these crystal were cut in France out of pieces of flat glass. Starting in the beginning of the 18th century. During the mid 18th century the Bohemain producers took over the production. Nowadaym mainly used in Maria Therese and modern glass arm chandeliers, from the beginning mainly used in Rococo chandeliers. The come in various shapes, with and without cut decor and in many sizes. Most common sizes between 63-150 mm.

Spear - Obelisque

This crystal is mounted in a different way, -historically in a cup with plaster. We mount them with a glue gun -easy to adjust and to remove. First used in Baroque and Rococo chandeliers, now used in almost any chandelier. Mainly produced in the Czech Republic.

Ball

Sparkles a lot thanks to many facets. Mainly used as end crystal under chandeliers. But also common in modern creations.

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